Special Education Supports through OCIC
What is Special Education?
Special Education is
Specifically designed instruction to meet the unique needs of students with disabilites
Can consist of
General education curriculum with modifications or adaptations
Combination of both
Supports in an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) do not necessarily cover that child's entire education. It only addresses educational needs that are a direct result of the child's disability
To meet the unique needs of students with disabilities by addressing their specific needs through special education services.
Services are provided
In various settings such as
Schools must ensure that a continuum of alternative placements is available to meet the nees of children with disabilities
13 Disabilities Categories that fall under Special Education
Hearing Impairment, Including Deafness
Other Health Impairment
Specific Learning Disability
Speech or Language Impairment
Traumatic Brain Injury
Visual Impairment, Including Blindness
Laws that mandate special education services
Section 504 of the Rehavilitation Act of 1973 is defined as ensuring individuals with disabilities shall not be excluded, denied benefits of, or be subjected to discrmination by any federal agency receiving federal financial assistance
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is defined as ensuring individuals with disabilites must be provided a free and appropriate education (IEPs).
What is the Process for Having My Child Considered for Special Education?
A request from any agency or parent can be made; however, schools are not required to conduct the evaluation. The request should be thoroughly investigated, though, especially if the child is not making adequate progress through general education curriculum
Upon request, the parents should be provided with a copy of the Parents rights in Special Education
The team, along with the parents, should conduct a Review of Existing Data (REDs) meeting to determine the need for an evaluation. One of two decisions can be made: No additional data needed or additional data needed
The parents must be provided written notice of the decision, the reasons for the decision, and all evaluation procedures to be used during the assessment process. The team must obtain informed consent to move forward with the evaluation
Possible evaluation procedures include:
Observation in Classroom/Other Environment
Within 45 school days, and in the Multidisciplinary Evaluation and Eligibility Group Summary (MEEGS), quilified professionals and the parent must determine the following:
The student is a student with a disabillity
Cannot be due to lack of instruction or lack of English proficiency
The student's disability has an adverse impact on the student's education
Adverse impact exists over time despite alternative strategies provided in the classroom with fidelity
The student has a need for special education services
OCIC School Counseling Website
Reading Sufficiency Act
What is the Reading Sufficiency Act?
To ensure that all Oklahoma students are reading on grade level at the end of third grade (a critical juncture when students go from learning to read to reading to learn). Reading Sufficiency Act supports Oklahoma children in Kindergarten through third grade.
For the student
Reading sufficiency significantly reduces the prossible need for remediation in middle and high school and lowers the risk of a student dropping out of school because he or she is unable to read
Each public school district
In Oklahoma shall ensure that all students receive a well-rounded education that is focused on building deep foundations in reading and mathematics. All teachers of reading in the public schools in Oklahoma in Kindergarten through third grade shall incorporate into instruction the five elements of reading instruction which are: phonemic awareness, phonics, reading fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension.